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Home / News / Newsfeed / SB 253: Climate Corporate Data Accountability Act

SB 253: Climate Corporate Data Accountability Act

January 12, 2024
row of buildings in smog
On October 7, 2023, Governor Newsom signed Senate Bill (SB) 253: The Climate Corporate Data Accountability Act (CCDAA) into law, which requires large public and private companies with annual revenues greater than $1 billion that conduct business in California to publicly disclose their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Following the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, emissions of GHGs, which include carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and others, are quantified as belonging to a company or operation in three categories, or “scopes”:

  • Scope 1 – GHGs emitted directly from a facility (e.g., on-site combustion in boilers and turbines);
  • Scope 2 – Indirect GHG emissions associated with the purchase of electricity, steam, heat, or cooling; and
  • Scope 3 – Indirect emissions not included in Scope 2, including emissions that occur in the value chain of the reporting company both upstream and downstream.

The CCDAA requires reporting of Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions annually starting in 2026, with additional reporting of Scope 3 GHG emissions starting in 2027. Similar to the CCDAA, the proposed United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Climate Disclosure Rule and the already adopted European Union Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive require companies to report Scope 1, 2, and 3 GHG emissions starting in 2026.

The specifics for implementation of the CCDAA are being developed by CARB and are due to be released to the public by January 1, 2025. It is expected that CARB will clarify exactly what entities will be subject to the act by defining the term “doing business in California,” as this term is not defined in SB 253.

Consumers and the public are increasingly advocating for greater transparency concerning corporate GHG emissions and GHG reduction efforts. Many businesses already publicly disclose their GHG emissions using internationally accepted accounting protocols. Some of these businesses are requiring their suppliers and customers to provide Scope 1, 2, and 3 GHG emissions data as part of their business disclosures.

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Yorke Engineering specializes in air quality and environmental consulting for stationary and mobile sources, including dispersion modeling, health risk assessments, permitting, emission inventories, air quality compliance systems, etc. Leveraging our extensive experience, Yorke stands ready to provide invaluable support in developing GHG emissions inventories and reports for deliverables.  Learn more on our website here: GHG Inventories, Footprints, and Plans | Yorke Engineering, LLC (yorkeengr.com).

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